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Are you still among those who haven't tried CBD? Or perhaps you tried it but didn't get the expected results.

It can be canna-confusing!

In this blog, I will clarify what CBD oil is, how it can help you, and what dosage is recommended for each type of health challenge you may be experiencing.

Quick fun fact!

Did you know that Queen Victoria is reported to have taken an alcoholic extract of cannabis as relief for her pre-menstrual syndrome and childbirth pains? (1)

What is CBD?

For thousands of years, the cannabis plant has been recognized for its medicinal properties, the first documented case of its use goes back to 2800 BC, when listed in the pharmacopoeia of Emperor Shen Nung, regarded as the father of Chinese medicine. (2)

CBD stands for Cannabidiol, the second most abundant compound found in the Cannabis plant species.

It isn't addictive and it doesn't produce any intoxicating effects, unlike the THC compound, which is the principal psychoactive constituent.

All cannabinoids act like special keys that fit into a lock on a protein and they can change how the lock works.

One important lock is called the CB1 receptor, and it's found all over the body, especially in the brain, where it affects things like movement, coordination, senses, emotions, memory, thinking, and other important functions.

CB2 receptors are like little helpers mostly found in the immune system. Even though all cannabinoids look similar, they do different things when they interact with these receptors.

When it comes to CBD, it doesn't affect CB1 and CB2 receptors much. That's why it doesn't make you feel "high" like THC does, which works with CB1 receptors.

That's also why recreational cannabis usually has more THC and less CBD.

THC has some good health effects, but it can also make people feel weird or spacey. That's why many people are interested in CBD, which doesn't have those strange effects.

Worried about the legalities of CBD?

Under European law, CBD isn't considered a narcotic drug and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CEJEU) approved its sale.

There is also no specific regulation governing CBD production, consumption, or sale in Spain (3).

As long as the THC levels are below 0,2% in CBD, it's not a problem.


What Health Issues Can CBD Help Me With?

Let's now take a look at how CBD can help us with a broad spectrum of mental, emotional and physical health complaints.


According to the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, the anxiety-reducing effects of CBD are similar to those of approved drugs to treat anxiety.

Researchers use a test called the simulated public speaking (SPS) model to measure anxiety levels when people have to speak in front of a video camera, as one of the biggest fears that people have is speaking in public.

Approximately 5% to 10% of people around the world have Social anxiety disorder (SAD) (4).

Researchers tested 24 patients with SAD using the SPS model. Half of the patients took CBD, and the other half took a placebo (fake medicine). The results showed that the CBD group had lower anxiety levels and felt better compared to the placebo group (5).



Healthy sleep is essential for your physical, mental and emotional health and a lot of people suffer from not sleeping enough.

It can be very debilitating and can affect your ability to perform at work, at home and in your relationships.

From my research, as of 2023, there is little evidence to support the improvement of sleep from taking CBD, however, if you can't sleep well due to stress, anxiety or pain, then this is where CBD can be a valuable remedy to help improve sleep.

As a side note, be sure to check out my free e-book and checklist with tips and techniques to help you sleep better: Free E-Book And Checklist: The Perfect Slumber Guide

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is a big problem worldwide and people usually take painkillers just to manage and get through the day. The problem is that it usually comes with harmful side effects, such as blurred vision, constipation, headaches and mood changes.

In a 2019 study, 97 patients with chronic pain who had been taking opioids received CBD  (6). Over half of the patients were able to reduce or stop taking opioids altogether. 94% of them reported that their quality of life got better.



A study published in 2022 reports promising effects in managing cancer in lab studies and some human trials. There is evidence to show that it may help with cancer pain and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy.

Researchers in the study looked at how CBD fights cancer (7). It seems to use different mechanisms, like activating certain receptors and causing cancer cell death, also known as apoptosis.

It can also stop tumours from spreading (metastasis) and make chemotherapy work better.


Digestive problems

If you experience abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn's disease, constipation, bloating, malabsorption, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite then you may find that CBD is helpful for you.

A study published in 2013 highlighted the significance of treating inflammation in the gut using CBD (8)



A condition that results in issues in communication, social interaction, lack of interest and repetitive behaviours.

A study in 2021 reported a 2-year study of 33 children diagnosed with autism, who took an average daily dosage of 0.7 mg/kg/day of CBD  for a median duration of 6.5 months.

The results found CBD helpful in managing autism-related behavioural problems without any significant side effects (9).


The above list is not exhaustive and CBD has the capacity to reduce complaints from a wide variety of symptoms.


CBD Oil Guide: Percentage And Dosage

cannabis dosage guideBefore taking any CBD, make sure that it is organic, without the use of herbicides or chemical fertilisers, such as the one from MELS.

This company makes organic CBD, and the crops are harvested once a year using ancient principles used by traditional herbalists.

Their CO2 extraction method means it's much gentler to extract and preserve the medicinal benefits.

An organic base oil of MCT (fractionated coconut) increases the absorption uptake making sure you achieve the most benefit.

If you've never taken CBD before, you're recommended to start with MELS TWO STRAIN or MELS FIVE STRAIN.

The two strain bottle holds two different varieties of cannabis and the five strains hold five different varieties of the plant.

To begin, use 1-4 drops per dose for the first few weeks. You can take it 2-3 times during the day, or just in the evening, depending on what you want to achieve. It's essential to increase the dose gradually, so your body's cannabinoid receptors have time to activate and fully benefit from the cannabinoids.


As a general guide, there are three different dosages for symptoms:

Microdose: 5 – 30 mg CBD per day. Can be effective for sleep, headaches, mood swings, nausea, PTSD, stress and metabolic syndrome.

Standard dose: 40 – 100 mg CBD per day. CBD has shown effectiveness for chronic pain, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, Borrelia, anxiety, depression, arthritis, some mental disorders, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease and autism.

Macrodose: 50 – 800 mg CBD per day. People often use doses at this level for cancer, epilepsy, liver disease and other serious life-threatening conditions.



You'll notice different percentages: 5%, 10%, 20% and 40%

CBD oil's percentage can be figured out by dividing the amount of the product (like 10ml) by the CBD quantity (say 1000mg). 1000mg CBD equals 1ml. So, a 10ml CBD bottle with 1000mg CBD is 10% CBD (1ml is 10% of 10ml).

It's helpful when the product shows both the percentage and CBD quantity in mg, so you don't need to do the math. In the example above, a 10ml bottle holds about 240 drops. This means roughly 4mg CBD per drop (if it's 10% CBD). To reach the max recommended CBD dose, you'd need around 17 drops.

Just to give you an idea, 5% CBD is low strength, 10% is medium, and 20%+ is high dose. Prices of CBD products vary accordingly, so when you're comparing prices, make sure to check how much CBD is in it.

So, as an example, if you're interested in alleviating chronic pain with the standard dosage, the guide above recommends taking between 40 - 100mg per day. So you could take the 40% TWO STRAIN or FIVE STRAIN and take 2 drops a day to meet the lowest recommended amount. This way, it will last you much longer than buying CBD oil with lower concentration.

10% contains 5mg CBD per drop (also suitable for pets)

20% contains 10mg CBD per drop

40% contains 20mg CBD per drop



CBD is not a substitute for a varied diet. To maintain proper health, you should follow a varied diet and lead a healthy lifestyle.

Do not use in children under 12 years of age, in pregnant women and nursing mothers. CBD should not be used simultaneously with antidepressants [SSRIs, SNRIs, MAO inhibitors], antiviral drugs in the case of HIV/AIDS infection or used as part of therapy after organ transplantation.


I hope you have found this article helpful and enjoyable!



(1) Alexander SP, Mackie K, Ross RA. Themed issue: cannabinoids. Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Jun;160(3):421-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00831.x. PMID: 20590554; PMCID: PMC2931545.

(2) History of Cannabis

(3) Is the sale of CBD legal in Spain? A publication by Mariscal Abogados

(4) Cleveland Clinic - Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)

(5) Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an anxiolytic drug

(6) Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients: a prospective cohort study

(7) Heider, C.G.; Itenberg, S.A.; Rao, J.; Ma, H.; Wu, X. Mechanisms of Cannabidiol (CBD) in Cancer Treatment: A Review. Biology 202211, 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology11060817

(8) Esposito G, Filippis DD, Cirillo C, Iuvone T, Capoccia E, Scuderi C, Steardo A, Cuomo R, Steardo L. Cannabidiol in inflammatory bowel diseases: a brief overview. Phytother Res. 2013 May;27(5):633-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4781. Epub 2012 Jul 20. PMID: 22815234.

(9) Bilge, S., Ekici, B. CBD-enriched cannabis for autism spectrum disorder: an experience of a single center in Turkey and reviews of the literature. J Cannabis Res 3, 53 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00108-7

For years I had been trying to figure out the best type of water to drink...

It can be confusing and frustrating when different types of water, like bottled, spring, mineral, reverse osmosis, alkaline, distilled and activated carbon-filtered, have both pros and cons.

So which is best for your health? How do you choose?

It's important to know...

After all, you drink 2 litres of it daily (hopefully!) and you're using it in your cooking, your cups of tea, giving it to your partner, kids, friends and animals.


I for one thought that spring water was best.

Since underground water filtering is a natural process where water passes through materials like rock, clay, soil, and sediments before coming out on the Earth's surface, to me it appeared as the best choice for drinking water.

But we actually have to be very careful when getting water from a spring...

A friend and I travelled 45 minutes by car to get water from a spring at Sierra Bernia, a mountain range in the province of Alicante.

After drinking this water, our lower backs hurt for days as our kidneys were protesting. The water was heavily laden with calcium and it was too much for our bodies to handle.

It took us a few days for the discomfort in our backs to completely disappear after ceasing to drink the mountain spring water.

I also used to travel a long way to reach Font de Gel in Vall De Laguar. It's a spring where hikers, bikers, and local residents gather to collect water.

I used to collect a minimum of fifteen 8-litre bottles at a time from the spring. I would then filter the water through a Berkey filter, which uses a carbon filter.

But, even with this mineral-rich water, a thick layer of limescale formed in the kettle within a couple of days, indicating that the water is too hard.

The amount of calcium in your water can vary depending on where you live, and a lot of areas in Spain have very hard water.

The map of Spain below* shows areas of hardness. The grey colour is the softest and the red colour is the hardest water.

As you can see, the provinces of Valencia, Almeria and Baleares Islands have the highest levels of hard water.

map showing areas with hard water in Spain

Tap water has inorganic minerals, harmful microbes, bacteria, viruses, chlorine and other nasty chemicals...

So, you definitely don't want to be drinking that type of water because it can cause health complications.

You can read more about it here: Filtering Your Water To Optimize Your Health


I first discovered the idea of drinking distilled water when I read books by Dr John Christopher, a well-known herbal medicine doctor.

What put me off initially is that I had heard on multiple occasions that distilled water leaches minerals out of the body.

What I didn't know at the time was what type of minerals they were - which I reveal later to you...

A significant debate exists on the ideal type of water for many MANY years.

And I believed for a long time that we required the minerals present in water for optimal health.

But then I came across Dr. Allen Banik's book, "The Choice is Clear" (1) about distilled water.

Something clicked and it all made sense...


Hard Water Makes Hard Arteries

According to Dr Allen Banik's book, consuming water with inorganic minerals, which is present in most types of water, can lead to various health issues such as arthritis, hardening of the arteries, kidney stones, gallstones, cataracts, glaucoma, hearing loss, diabetes, obesity, and emphysema.

Dr Allen Banik further explains that as rain falls on the ground, its purpose is to collect inorganic minerals and transport them to plants, allowing for assimilation.

Our bodies are unable to assimilate these inorganic minerals directly.

Instead, plants must undergo a transformation process to make them suitable for our consumption.

In a nutshell, we get our optimal minerals from food, not from water.


Consuming hard water that contains high levels of inorganic minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron, and copper can lead to the deposition of these minerals in our joints, potentially causing arthritis.

These inorganic minerals can also accumulate in the arteries, resulting in their hardening over time.

Limescale is very hard to remove and only a water distiller will effectively do it.

You will not remove limescale by boiling it, or by filtering it using a Brita filter or any activated charcoal filter.

The purest form of water is distilled. That's why it's used in hospitals for flushing out surgical wounds and as a solvent for medications and intravenous methods.


Research Shows How Significant The Quality Of Water Is

Recent studies indicate that cholesterol plays a role in promoting the production and accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) in the brain. This buildup of Abeta is a significant characteristic associated with Alzheimer's disease.

The discovery (2) was a reduction of the accumulation of Abeta in rabbits who were given distilled water instead of tap water.

This is HUGE because it reveals that a simple lifestyle change of the quality of water we drink, benefits anyone with Alzheimer's disease.


The consumption of high water hardness with high water fluoride can result in the destruction of renal tubules, causing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

A study in 2020 (3) discovered that introducing distilled water can greatly improve the condition and can lead to reversal if spotted in the early stages.

Therefore, distilled water is a powerful preventative method for kidney disease.


It makes you wonder, especially when both dogs and cats are prone to kidney disease.

Where's their main water supply coming from? Typically tap or filtered water, right?

If the results of the above-mentioned study show that distilled water can reverse the early stages of kidney disease or at the very least improve kidney function...

Then wouldn't it make sense to give it to your pets too?


The Only Effective Solution For Drinking Water Beneficial To Health

If we didn't live in the age of pollution, then the ideal water to drink is rainwater, which is the result of nature's natural distillery.

Fortunately, you can distil pure water in the comfort of your own home.

So, how does the process work?

When boiled water turns into vapour, it leaves behind inorganic minerals, bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, and other contaminants.

This steam is then cooled and condensation occurs releasing pure water into an external container.

You will be shocked at the impurities and intoxicating stench of the remaining contaminants after a single distillation.

And you will see for yourself how important it is to properly filter your water...

Or else you will be consuming some or all of that which you see in it.

I have been drinking distilled water produced by the Megahome 316 bought from EcoVidaSolar...

And I can say with absolute integrity that it's the best and purest water I have ever tasted.

The company Ecovidasolar are extremely helpful and they answered any questions that I had.

megahome 316 water distiller

Here are some pros and cons of the distiller:


  • Can be perceived as a slow process.
    It produces 4 litres in 4 hours so I usually turn it on first thing in the morning or I have it running overnight.
  • You will need to descale it every month or so for optimum performance.
    When cleaning, I usually just pour vinegar into it and let it soak overnight.
  • The distillation process can be a bit noisy.
    If you have it in a closed room you don't really hear it.
  • You will need to change the carbon filter every month or so.
    This is to prevent any VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds)


  • It's safe to leave the house with it running. So you can come back at the end of the day and have access to freshly made pure water.
  • The electricity consumption is approximately 9 cents a litre.
    This makes it the cheapest option to obtain pure water and you'll never contribute to plastic waste.
  • You'll never have accumulated limescale in your kettle or your iron.
  • It's easy to assemble
  • It takes just a minute to set up the machine each time to start its distillation process.
  • It has numerous health benefits and can help prevent, reduce or reverse health complications
  • The machine lasts a very, very long time as long as it's properly cared for.
  • The water is pure, clean and feels really good.


After distilling the water, it's preferable to store it in a glass or steel container.

Personally, I use the Big Berkey filter, which I used before purchasing the Megahome.

This way, the water is kept in a stainless steel container with a convenient tap for easily filling glasses.

Big Berkey's carbon filters last for 10 years, which means that I don't need to buy replacement filters for the Megahome water distiller.

To enhance the water's mineral content and electrolytes, I often add a squeeze of fresh lemon juice or a slice of cucumber.

This is a cheaper water distiller from Megahome. The material is a bit different and you will not be able to distill seawater:

Some people have asked me some specs of the distiller, so here they are!

Capacity: 4 liters

Power consumption: 580W

Distiller dimensions: Maximum diameter: 23.5cm Height: 36 cm

Distiller net weight: 3.4kg

Distiller / PP bottle/accessories total gross weight: 5.2kg

Distiller / glass bottle / accessories total gross weight: 6kg

230V 50/60Hz

240V 50/60Hz



I would like to end this article with a quote from Dr. Clifford C. Denisson:

" Some health specialists believe we experience hardening of the arteries, arthritis, kidney stones, gall stones, vision problems (glaucoma and cataracts) loss of hearing, diabetes, obesity, emphysema and other ailments in greater intensities and more frequently when we consume polluted or contaminated water.

There’s no absolute medical proof that drinking distilled water will cure any of the infirmities that humans suffer,

But there are thousands of case histories of people who have enjoyed success in alleviating or overcoming these health problems when they began drinking distilled water exclusively.

Does it not make sense, therefore, to consume only pure water produced by a good quality distiller right in your own home?”




* Extra Notes

Tuandco kindly granted me permission to use the image showing the regions in Spain with hard water.


  1. The Choice is Clear by Dr. Allen E. Banik
  2. Sparks DL, Lochhead J, Horstman D, Wagoner T, Martin T.  Water quality has a pronounced effect on cholesterol-induced accumulation of Alzheimer amyloid beta (Abeta) in rabbit brain. J Alzheimers Dis. 2002 Dec;4(6):523-9.
  3. Perera, T., Ranasinghe, S., Alles, N. et al. Experimental rat model for acute tubular injury induced by high water hardness and high water fluoride: efficacy of primary preventive intervention by distilled water administration. BMC Nephrol 21, 103 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-020-01763-3

Halloween originates in the pagan religious festival of Samhain (pronounced "SAH-win"), an ancient Celtic spiritual tradition celebrated from October 31st to November 1st.

Its intentions are to welcome an abundant harvest and to bring in the darker, colder season.  There are beliefs that the veil between the physical and spirit world are at its thinnest and that the dead return to Earth.

From the 16th century, people disguised themselves in costumes as part of the festival and went from house to house, reciting songs or verses in exchange for food. This was known as "mumming" or "guising".

In the 19th century, trick-or-treating started with pranks being played on homeowners and making it look like supernatural forces were in play by rattling windows, tying doors shut and other mischiefs. This is when homeowners started offering sweets as a way to protect their property.

According to Statista, consumers in the USA spent 3.1 billion U.S dollars on candy. This number exceeds pre-pandemic levels!

Be good and I'll give you a treat!

Why is it that being well-behaved is associated with giving sweets, biscuits, cakes and anything else loaded with sugar? This is not a treat at all when you think about it!

I know that it's quite a challenge to avoid sugar during festive seasons, such as Halloween, however it is possible to make more conscious choices and not overdo it.

Fortunately, there are many healthier choices to enjoy and I would like to offer you 3 Healthy Halloween Pumpkin Recipes in this blog.

What are the health benefits of pumpkins?

Pumpkin on a log

Just looking at the colour of pumpkin alone tells you that it's packed with antioxidants!

It's one of the greatest sources of vitamin A, beta-carotene and other antioxidants like vitamins C, E and zeaxanthin.

These are important because they help to protect your eyes from age-related macular degeneration, heart health and also helps your body defend against cancer.

Vitamin E is another antioxidant found in pumpkin, which keeps your skin looking young and wrinkle-free.

Another reason to eat pumpkin is for its rich source of vitamin C. This vitamin is important to boost your immune system, and white cell recovery after infection and encourages the production of collagen.

Let's not forget about those pumpkin seeds! They are a rich source of iron, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, amino acids and some antioxidants.

My favourite healthy pumpkin recipes

#1 Pumpkin Bread

Vegan, gluten-free, dairy-free

Serves 4-6


pumpkin bread

I just discovered this the other day and it is just too delicious to miss out on!

Enjoy it with your family and friends and make double as any leftovers can be stored in a freezer-safe bag and enjoyed once defrosted.

It tastes a little bit sweet due to the pumpkin puree's natural sweetness and is a wonderful combination with other recipes and pumpkin soup!

This recipe is inspired by Anthony William / Medical Medium.


  • 3 cups peeled, deseeded, and diced pumpkin
  • 1/3 cup light coconut milk
  • 1 3/4 cups gluten-free oat flour
  • 1/2 cup rice flour
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 1 tbsp pumpkin pie spice (see notes below)
  • 1-2 tbsp pumpkin seeds (optional)


  1. Steam the diced pumpkin for 10-15 minutes until tender and let it cool.
  2. Place the pumpkin in a blender and blend until smooth. Measure out 1 cup or so of the puree.
  3. Preheat the oven to 180C and line a 20-25cm loaf pan with parchment paper.
  4. In a medium-sized bowl, add the pumpkin puree and coconut milk and whisk well.
  5. In another bowl, add the dry ingredients: oat flour, rice flour, baking powder, and pumpkin pie spice. Whisk until lump free.
  6. Mix the wet and dry ingredients together and mix well. The batter should be quite thick but pourable.
  7. Pour the batter into the lined loaf pan and top with pumpkin seeds (if using). Bake for 35 - 45 minutes until browned on top. It's ready when an inserted toothpick or fork comes out clean.
  8. Remove from oven and let cool for 5 minutes in the loaf pan. Gently remove and let cool completely on a rack. Slice and serve!


Blend the following ingredients together:

3 tablespoons ground cinnamon
2 teaspoons ground nutmeg
2 teaspoons ground ginger
1 teaspoon ground allspice
1 teaspoon ground cloves

You can store any leftovers in an air-tight jar.


#2 Pumpkin Soup

Vegan, gluten-free, dairy-free

Serves 4

pumpkin soup

Heart-warming and soul-nourishing, this is pure comfort in a bowl on those nights that are getting colder.

This soup serves very well with the pumpkin bread that kids and adults alike will love.

I personally like to add a little bit of chilli to give it just a little kick.

Any leftovers can be stored in the fridge for a few days.

This recipe is inspired by Anthony William / Medical Medium.


  • 1 kilo peeled, deseeded, and chopped pumpkin
  • 1 cup chopped onion
  • 6 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 tbsp chopped ginger
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
  • 1 tsp dried oregano or thyme
  • dash of ground chilli or add more if you prefer it spicier
  • 2 cups of water or organic vegetable broth
  • 1 cup light coconut milk
  • 2-3 tbsp pumpkin seeds, to serve (optional)
  • A handful of parsley (optional)


  1. Add the pumpkin, onion, garlic, ginger, cumin, coriander, smoked paprika, oregano or thyme, chilli, and vegetable stock to a large pot on medium-high heat.
  2. Bring to a simmer and cook, uncovered, for 20-30 minutes until the pumpkin is tender.
  3. Transfer the mixture to a blender or use an immersion blender. Add the coconut milk and blend till smooth.
  4. Pour the soup back into the pot and heat until warm. Divide soup between bowls and top with pumpkin seeds (optional) and chopped parsley (optional).
  5. Serve immediately.


#3 Pumpkin Pie

Vegan, gluten-free, dairy-free

Serves 6-8

Pumpkin Pie

Want to really wow your friends and family by making a healthy and delicious dessert? Try out this pumpkin pie!

This recipe looks good with whipped coconut cream. To make the cream, simply whip chilled full-fat coconut cream (no liquid) until light peaks form.

This recipe is inspired by Anthony William / Medical Medium.


For the crust:

  • 2 cups gluten-free oat flour
  • 1/4 cup solid coconut oil
  • 3 tbsp maple syrup
  • 1-3 tbsp water

For the filling:

  • 2 1/2 cups pumpkin puree (you can steam 7.5 - 8 cups of diced pumpkin for 15 minutes then blend to get this amount of puree)
  • 2/3 cup coconut milk or unsweetened almond milk
  • 2 1/2 tbsp arrowroot flour
  • 1/4 cup coconut sugar
  • 1 tbsp pumpkin pie spice (see the recipe above in the pumpkin bread section)

To serve:

  • 1/2 cup coconut whipped cream (optional)
  • 1-2 tsp ground cinnamon


  1. Preheat oven to 180C. Grease a 20-25cm pie dish and set aside.
  2. Make the base by adding the oat flour and coconut oil to a food processor and pulse until fine crumbs appear.
  3. With the processor running, add the maple syrup, followed by the water until the dough sticks together when pressed between fingers.
  4. Place the dough in the pie dish and press evenly to the bottom and up the sides. Refrigerate until needed.
  5. Blend the following ingredients: pumpkin puree, coconut milk, arrowroot flour, coconut sugar and pumpkin spice until smooth. Pour this mixture into the prepared crust and bake for 50-55 minutes, until the crust is golden and the filling is set.
  6. Remove the pie from the oven and let it cool. Once it is room temperature, transfer it to the fridge for 4-6 hours or overnight.
  7. Slice and serve with coconut whipped cream (if using) and a sprinkle of ground cinnamon.


Wishing you a happy and healthy Halloween festive season!


Vitamin D deficiency is common worldwide, even in sunny countries! In Spain,  it is estimated that one third of the population may be deficient in vitamin D (1). In the UK, studies have shown a significant number of people with low vitamin D levels in their blood.

Just like plants need sunlight to grow, so it is true with humans for better health and wellbeing.

At least 75% of our vitamin D is produced in the liver via the conversion of sunlight. There are some foods that contain a fair amount of vitamin D, but most foods contain very little unless the vitamin has been added.

Rickets, a condition that affects bone development in children, causing the bones to grow weak, soft and a tendency towards deformities was eradicated in the Western World during the early 20th century by fortifying foods with vitamin D.

When I visited Iceland, I was told that all residents were recommended to take vitamin D by their physicians and health practitioners, due to the fact that you don't see the sun at all for 3 months and one can quite easily become depressed.

Read on to understand the importance of vitamin D, what the deficiency symptoms are and how to balance your vitamin D levels naturally.


What Is Vitamin D And Why Do We Need It?

In the truest sense of the form, vitamin D acts more like a hormone and is not a vitamin at all, as the body is capable of producing it in the liver. It is then stored in the liver and fatty tissues of the body.

Cholesterol (7-dehydrocholesterol) in the human skin synthesises vitamin D from being exposed to UV light from the sun.

We need vitamin D for many different functions in our body:

  • Assists the absorption of calcium and regulates normal calcium and phosphate levels
  • Promotes bone and cell development
  • Reduces joint inflammation
  • Boosts the immune system
  • Regulates mood

What Can Happen If We Are Deficient In Vitamin D?

The normal range of vitamin D is between 20 and 40 ng/ml, although this number can vary a bit.

Group studies show that pregnant women and babies are most at risk of vitamin D deficiency.

Studies have linked low vitamin D levels to a number of health issues (2):

  • Mortality
  • Hair loss
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Reduced bone density and osteoporosis. Tooth decay
  • Higher risk of bone fractures
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Malignancy. Susceptibility to certain cancers, such as breast, ovarian, colon and prostate cancers have been linked with vitamin D deficiency.
  • Hormonal imbalances. A vitamin D deficiency can lead to reduced oestrogen levels, which, in turn can lead to depression, hot flashes and mood swings.
  • Autoimmune conditions
  • Muscle weakness and muscle aches
  • Infections
  • Rickets
  • Fatigue
  • reduced cognitive performance. Difficulty in thinking cleared and making decisions.
  • Mood imbalances, such as depression, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), insomnia and anxiety.
  • Sleeping issues, including sleep apnea and disrupted sleeping patterns.

What Causes A deficiency in Vitamin D?

  • Sunscreens - there have been many concerns that the use of sunscreen negatively impacts the body's ability to synthesise vitamin D. Studies show that this is true with artificially generated UV light, however, when using natural sunlight, there appears to be no effect when using moderate protection sunscreens. (3)
    Although a topic for another time, the use of commercial sunscreens have been shown toxic to marine life, corals and fish reproduction. It also contains toxic chemical ingredients that are human hormonal disruptors and create organ system toxicity.
    When it comes to sun protection, ideally use a natural product, such as coconut oil or raspberry seed oil.
  • Clothing - having our skin covered in clothes can either partially or totally block the sun's UV rays.
  •  Air pollution - living in an area with high levels of air pollution are at increased risk of developing a vitamin D deficiency.
  • Medications -  laxatives, steroids (such as prednisone), cholesterol lowering drugs, seizure-controlling drugs, and weight loss drugs.

What Is the Best Way To Get Vitamin D?

How can you balance your vitamin D levels?

Exposure to sunlight is the best and most effective method to have adequate vitamin D levels.

Being exposed to the sun daily for 10- 15 minutes without sunscreen is recommended for fair-to-medium skin.

If you are darker toned skin, you may need to spend at least 40 minutes in the sun to get adequate exposure.

In the winter, when the sun is less potent, double the time may be needed.

The main food sources containing vitamin D are animal products, such as cod liver oil, mackerel, swordfish, sardines, tuna, beef liver, caviar and fortified cows milk.

If you're vegan, the best way to obtain vitamin D is through mushrooms and nut milks, such as oat milk fortified with vitamin D.

If you would like to add extra supplementation, this vegan vitamin D3 from Viridian on Naturitas.es is in liquid form and only 0,5ml a day is needed. Other ingredients contain sunflower seed oil and oil of orange - nothing else!

Is It Possible To Take Too Much Vitamin D?

Yes, and there have been increasing reports of vitamin D overdose and poisoning. This can be due to the over-fortification of milk or prolonged use of vitamin D supplements.

In one case, a 62 year old man was hospitalised with a neurologic disorder and kidney failure. The patient reported that he had been on a slow-release multivitamin containing Vitamin D and Vitamin A prescribed by his physician (4). His blood levels had excess calcium (Hypercalcemia), a condition that can weaken bones, create kidney stones and create interferences in the functioning of the heart and brain.

Some symptoms of too much vitamin D include:

  • Nausea
  • Apathy
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dehydration
  • Confusion
  • Increased thirst

Vitamin D Testing With Kinesiology

You can find out how what your vitamin D levels are like by having a blood test.

You can also get tested in your kinesiology session, where we can additionally test for other deficiencies, or if there is too much of  a mineral or vitamin.  Since the liver and the kidneys play a role in vitamin D, these organs can be strengthened and restored in the session, addressing any imbalances from a holistic point of view.

For more information, send me a message or visit the kinesiology section of this website.




  1. González-Molero I, Morcillo S, Valdés S, Pérez-Valero V, Botas P, Delgado E, Hernández D, Olveira G, Rojo G, Gutierrez-Repiso C, Rubio-Martín E, Menéndez E, Soriguer F. Vitamin D deficiency in Spain: a population-based cohort study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2011 Mar;65(3):321-8. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2010.265. Epub 2010 Dec 22. PMID: 21179052.
  2. Lim K, Thadhani R. Vitamin D Toxicity. J Bras Nefrol. 2020 Apr 3;42(2):238-244. doi: 10.1590/2175-8239-JBN-2019-0192. PMID: 32255467; PMCID: PMC7427646.
  3. Neale RE, Khan SR, Lucas RM, Waterhouse M, Whiteman DC, Olsen CM. The effect of sunscreen on vitamin D: a review. Br J Dermatol. 2019 Nov;181(5):907-915. doi: 10.1111/bjd.17980. Epub 2019 Jul 9. PMID: 30945275.

If you have started to experience stomach cramping, vomiting, or feverish after eating, drinking or even after bathing, then you may have a bacterial infection caused by E. Coli.

Learn more about its symptoms and what you can do about it.

What is E. Coli?

Escherichia coli, aka E. coli, is a rod-shaped bacterium whose strains are mostly harmless and normally live in the intestines in healthy people and in animals.

Just like with candida, if there is a balanced amount of E. Coli, it is harmless and is beneficial to the digestive system by assisting to digest the food we consume.

The most common strain that causes diarrhoea and makes you feel sick is referred to E. coli 0157, which produces a toxin called Shiga. This toxin damages the lining of your small intestine and causes diarrhoea.

According to the WHO Global Burden of Food-borne Diseases, 300 million illnesses are reported to be caused by diarrhoeagenic E. coli  worldwide each year.


What are E. coli infection symptoms?

People can have the following symptoms typically within three to ten days after drinking or eating foods contaminated with E. Coli bacteria:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Watery diarrhoea
  • Blood in stools
  • Gas and flatulence
  • Stomach discomfort and cramping
  • Low fever (around 38.5 °C )
  • Urinary Tract Infection, particularly in women.

Most people will  feel much better without taking medication within five to seven days. (1.)

It is worth noting that another strain exists which can develop a condition called hemolytic uremic syndrome in which the toxins can destroy red blood cells and damage the kidneys.

The symptoms of this strain include the following:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Confusion
  • Fast heart rate

What are the common causes of E. Coli?

You can only get infected by eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Common food sources include:

  • Undercooked meat. This accounts for approximately 55% of E. coli infections.
    The riskier meat is ground beef, followed by steak.
  • Unpasteurised raw cows/goat/sheep milk.
  • Raw cheese
  • Fruits and vegetables that have not been thoroughly washed.

Common water sources include:

  • Ponds, lakes, streams, rivers, and the sea

How to prevent E. Coli

  • Wash your hands with soap and water thoroughly before eating or drinking.
    You can also get E. Coli on your hands after changing baby diapers, having a bowel movement, being in contact with farm animals.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly
  • If you eat meat, make sure to cook it thoroughly. Using a thermometer will give you the indication when meat is thoroughly cooked.
    Wash your hands after you open a package with meat, since it is usually covered with bacteria. Never rinse raw meat in the sink before cooking it.
    Clean and disinfect all surfaces exposed to raw meat.  It is best to use a ceramic or plastic cutting board for meat since they can be cleaned easier.
    E. coli can still survive high heat, therefore reducing meat consumption or switching to a plant-based diet will minimise infection.
  • Avoid nail biting
  • Try to avoid getting water in the mouth, eyes, ears and nose if you are bathing in possibly contaminated fresh water, swimming pools and even the sea.

How to treat an E. Coli infection

The conventional treatment is to rest and drink plenty of fluids, since E. Coli usually clears up by itself within five to seven days.

Antibiotics are not typically recommended since they are ineffective against E. Coli.

Health care professionals don't recommend drugs to stop diarrhoea either, since this is the body's effective method in removing toxins from the body.

If there is severe dehydration and you're experiencing symptoms caused by the strain that develops hemolytic uremic syndrome, then hospitalisation may be needed to receive treatments, such as IV fluids, electrolytes etc.

1. Drink plenty of fluids

Experiencing diarrhoea will cause you to lose a lot of water, therefore it is best to drink good quality, filtered water.
Avoid tap water. To find out why, read my blog post: why you shouldn't drink tap water.

A nice healing broth recipe I can recommend is the following by Anthony Williams - Medical Medium:

Healing Broth Recipe


  • 4 carrots, chopped or 1 sweet potato, cubed
  • 2 stalks of celery, roughly chopped
  • 2 onions, sliced
  • 1 cup parsley, finely chopped
  • 1 cup of shiitake mushrooms, fresh or dried (optional)
  • 2 tomatoes, chopped (optional)
  • 1 bulb of garlic (about 6-8 cloves), minced
  • 1 inch of fresh ginger root
  • 1 inch of fresh turmeric root
  • 8 cups of water
  • Optional: Chili peppers or red pepper flakes


Place all the ingredients in a pot and bring to a gentle boil. Turn heat down to low and allow to simmer for about an hour. Strain and sip for a mineral rich, healing and restorative broth or leave the veggies in to enjoy as a light healing soup.

2. Take oregano capsules

Oregano oil is a powerful antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal.

You can take oregano daily up to a maximum of 2 weeks, then it is best to take a break before taking them again.

A study in 2003 (2) concluded that the bactericidal concentration of oregano irreversibly damaged E. Coli and is therefore effective in prevention as well as treatment.

You may wish to speak to your doctor first before taking oregano oil since it may interfere with medication involved with blood clotting and increase risk of bleeding.

Oregano oil is generally not recommended for pregnant women.


3. Take Activated charcoal 

Activated charcoal is a potent absorber of toxins and chemicals. I highly recommend having activated charcoal at home as one of the first-aid remedies.

There is no set dosage as such, so it is best to follow the instructions on the label.

As a general rule:

For the onset of diarrhoea, take 1000 mg with a full glass of water and 1 hour later take another 1000mg with a full glass of water.

For children, take 200mg with a glass of water and 1 hour later they can take another 200mg with plenty of water.

It is the number one remedy for food poisoning and can even prevent hangovers.  Pesticides, mercury, fertilisers and other chemicals bind to the surface of activated charcoal and pulls them out of the body.

Activated charcoal is used to filter water, such as the Big Berkey water filter I recommend as mentioned in my blog post on Filtering Your Water to Optimize Your Health

A study published in 2001 (3) concluded that activated charcoal is a powerful and effective absorber for the removal of  E. Coli. In this study, 10mg of activated charcoal absorbed strains of E. Coli within 5 minutes, whilst not affecting the good bacteria needed within our gut for a healthy microflora.

It is important to take activated charcoal at least 90 minutes before meals, supplements and prescription medicine as it can interfere with absorption.

Activated charcoal may interfere with the following medication:

  • Naltrexone (used for alcohol and opioid dependence)
  • Acrivastine
  • Bupropion
  • Carbinoxamine
  • Fentanyl
  • Hydrocodone
  • Meclizine
  • Methadone
  • Morphine
  • Morphine Sulfate Liposome
  • Mycophenolate Mofetil
  • Mycophenolic Acid
  • Oxycodone
  • Oxymorphone
  • Suvorexant
  • Tapentadol
  • Umeclidinium
  • Acetaminophin
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Theophylline

If there are any doubts, consult your doctor.


  1. Cleveland Clinic https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16638-e-coli-infection
  2. Burt SA, Reinders RD. Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2003;36(3):162-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1472-765x.2003.01285.x. PMID: 12581376. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12581376/

  3. Naka K, Watarai S, Tana, Inoue K, Kodama Y, Oguma K, Yasuda T, Kodama H. Adsorption effect of activated charcoal on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. J Vet Med Sci. 2001 Mar;63(3):281-5. doi: 10.1292/jvms.63.281. PMID: 11307928. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11307928/



We all know that we should be drinking at least 2 litres a day for our health and well being, however, drinking the right type of water is the key to receiving optimal benefits.

Tap water doesn't mean it's safe to drink even though it meets safety guidelines.

Alicante has very hard water and has a high content of chlorine and cal, making the water taste very unpleasant, and you'll end up still feeling thirsty.

The consumption of tap water over time poses great risks to health as you shall read below.

Bottled water isn't that great either since chemicals from the plastic can leach into the water.
Avoid bottles made with BPA (Bisphenol A) which are chemical hormonal disruptors, they mimic oestrogen and are linked to reproductive health problems and certain types of cancers, such as breast, ovarian and prostate.

What is commonly found in  tap water?

Heavy metals, such as:

  • Arsenic which occurs naturally in soil and rock. Linked to cancers of the prostate, liver, kidneys, lungs, skin and nasal passages.
  • Cadmium: galvanised tubes, plumbing accessories, fertilisers and aerial contamination are some of the ways it can enter into our water supply. It is known to be toxic for the kidneys.
  • Lead: Comes from lead pipes and corroded infrastructure. It is known to be toxic and poisonous to almost every major organ in the body.
  • Mercury: According to the Water Quality Association, the major source of mercury comes from a natural degassing of the Earth's crust, also the combustion of fossil fuels and other industrial release. Mercury has been known to cause kidney damage, even from short-term exposure. It has negative effects on the brain and the developing foetus.

Chemicals, such as:

  • PFAS ( Perfluoralkyl substances) are artificial cancer-causing compounds used in industrial processes and products since manufacturing began end of 1940's. Not only found in water, but also non-stick cookware, clothing, furniture and water-resistant products.
  • Trihalomethanes (THMs) such as chloroform. Formed as a result of chlorination. The health ministry have observed that THMs are toxic to the liver.
  • Chlorine: Makes the water taste unpleasant. Dries hair and skin, irritates eyes and the respiratory tract. Potentially carcinogenic.
  •  Fluoride: It passes through the blood-brain barrier and tends to accumulate in the pineal gland, which plays a role in your sleep patterns, how you make decisions, and how you perceive reality.A 2015 study (linked below) has concluded that it may produce developmental neurotoxicity. The CDC have also observed a prevalence of increased bone fractures in the elderly related to fluoridated water.It's also found in toothpaste, so look for toothpaste that is fluoride-free.

The above list is not exhaustive, however, it gives an overall idea of how toxic our tap water actually is!

What can you do about it?


  • Get a good water distiller such as the Megahome 316. This powerful distiller removes absolutely everything. And I mean absolutely everything nasty from your water. You will be shocked and horrified at the empty chamber containing the residue of cal and the noxious chemical smell even after just 1 distillation. You will never drink tap water again after seeing this.I have never tasted water so pure, soft and hydrating and I really do feel this is one of the best investments anyone can make. I used to own a Berkey water filter and the water distiller beats this tenfold. I do still use the Big berkey but I now only use this as a container for the distilled water because it contains a tap and it's easy to fill up your kettle or glass.


  • A water activator transforms the water hardness, making it soft and energetically improves it.This can be applied to the whole house and will be healthier for all plumbing and devices that use water, making them last longer. It also improves the health of swimming pools, ponds, water features, animal drinking water etc..For more details, contact Cristobal (English and Spanish speaking) in Javea:
    Email: c.cholbi@unicomrc.com |  phone: 96 693 4290  |  Website:www.unicomrc.com
    Just mention my name (Michelle) and he'll give you a free demonstration of the water activator device if you're in the local area.

A note on Shungite's healing properties

This rare black stone, mainly found in Shunga, Russia, has a unique composition containing fullerenes, which are a type of carbon nanostructure.

According to a 2017 review, carbon nanostructures can destroy harmful pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses.

Shungite has been used since ancient times to purify water and for its antioxidant properties.

It is used to reduce inflammation and ease physical ailments, including allergies, arthritis, kidney issues, fatigue, liver problems and more.

Anecdotally, it is reported to relieve stress, soak up negative energy and balance emotions.

I use shungite in the Big Berkey water filter in the bottom half and I also put it in my cat's drinking bowl, which at times becomes a fishing game to my amusement!




PFAS chemical in Spain https://buff.ly/3twfBMg

Water quality for consumption report 2019. Ministry of Health. https://buff.ly/3aXNwao

Study related to fluoride by Science Direct. https://buff.ly/3xqNBe6

Calcification of the pineal gland by webMD: https://buff.ly/3NKeYH9

Water Quality Association: https://www.wqa.org/Learn-About-Water/Common-Contaminants/Mercury

Review on the Antimicrobial Properties of Carbon Nanostructures, 2017. NIH. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5615720/



Everyone that comes to have a kinesiology session will get tested for heavy metals, usually within the first few sessions.

Why is this so important though? Where do heavy metals even come from? What do I need to do to eliminate them efficiently?

I will answer all of that here for you.

Potential symptoms of a heavy metal imbalance

Heavy metals can be a hidden antagoniser, even at low levels of exposure it can have a significant impact on the health of our organs. The toxicity of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and mercury pose the greatest risk to public health (1). There are many potential symptoms of heavy metal toxicity, such as:

  • Anxiety and panic attacks
  • ADHD
  • Autism
  • Depression
  • OCD
  • Mood disorders
  • Alzheimers
  • Concentration and memory loss
  • Prolong and increase the severity of bacterial and viral conditions
  • Tingling or numbness
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Dizziness
  • Vertigo
  • Aches and pains

Where do heavy metals come from?

The truth is, we can't get away from them in this day and age. They are described as being heavy because once they are in the body, they are hard to get out and stick around, quite often accumulating within tissues within the brain, liver, heart, kidneys, immune system and the reproductive system.

Mothers can also pass heavy metals down to their unborn child because heavy metals, such as mercury, are able to cross the placenta, blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. Over time there is an accumulation of these toxic heavy metals, which can make us more vulnerable and weaker with every generation.

Here are some of the common ways we can get exposure to heavy metals:

  • Traffic fumes, air pollution, cigarette smoke, radiation.
  • Food, such as fish, seafood, and processed foods, canned foods, soda drinks and baby formulas (2)
  • Amalgam dental fillings
  • Tap water has concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury, chromium, zinc, and lead (3). (This is why it is so important to have a good water filter system!)
  • Cosmetics, such as lip products, whitening toothpaste, eyeliner, nail colour, foundations, sunscreens, eye shadows, blush, concealer, moisturisers, eye drops, antiperspirants and talcum powder (4)
  • Children's toys
  • Getting tattoos
  • Aluminium foil, metal pots, pans, stainless steel cutlery

How to eliminate heavy metals from the body efficiently?

The heavy metal detox protocol is a method created by Anthony Williams, Medical Medium.

In kinesiology sessions, I have found the protocol to be extremely effective, quite often eliminating the heavy metal imbalance within one month of daily consumption.

There are 5 foods that synergistically work together to pull out these toxins deep within our body:

  • Spirulina: A superfood algae with potential to pull out heavy metals from your brain, central nervous system, urinary system (5) and liver.
    Hawaiian spirulina is often considered a superior spirulina. A good one can be found on Naturitas.es
    It is not recommended to get one shipped from China. 
  • Barley grass juice powder: A superfood grass with the ability to remove heavy metals (6) from the spleen, intestinal tract, pancreas, thyroid, and reproductive system.
    It is important to make sure its the juice of the barley grass. A good one can be found on Naturitas.es

  • Cilantro/coriander (7): This herb grabs onto old heavy metals from hard-to-reach places.
    It is best to buy organic or grow your own if possible!

  • Wild blueberries (8): This anti-oxidant rich berry removes heavy metals from the brain. It's protective abilities heal oxidation caused by heavy metals and is particularly useful in the case of Alzheimer's and dementia.
    You can buy this in the freezer section of most supermarkets. The large ones are cultivated and will not hold the same nutritional value. If you cut the cultivated ones in half, they will be whitish inside.
    When cutting a wild blueberry in half, it will be blue all the way through.
    If you are in the Javea area, you will find a large 1kg packet of wild blueberries in the freezer section of Puga cash and carry supermarket, near Mercadona between the port and arenal.
    As of September 2022, a 1 kilo bag should cost about 8 euros. 

  • Atlantic dulse: This seaweed is like a magnet and binds itself to lead, aluminium, copper, cadmium, and nickel. It draws out heavy metals from the digestive tract and ensures all heavy metals are eliminated from the body (9).
    A large bag can be bought from Naturitas.es

The heavy metal detox protocol method

Best taken every morning for 1 month minimum, this smoothie is so tasty that even children will love it!

The recipe is based on one person, therefore double the ingredients as needed.

Incorporate at a minimum of 3 ingredients.


Place the wild blueberries into a bowl and let them thaw during the night.

In the morning, drain the liquid and add the blueberries to the blender with the other ingredients.

You can add additional ingredients such as, bananas, apples, honey, shredded coconut or dates to sweeten.

Add 1 cup or more of either water, vegetable milk, or orange juice.

Blend thoroughly, pour into a tall glass and enjoy!

It is reccomended to drink daily for at least 1 month at a minimum.



  1. Tchounwou PB, Yedjou CG, Patlolla AK, Sutton DJ. Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. Exp Suppl. 2012;101:133-64. doi: 10.1007/978-3-7643-8340-4_6. PMID: 22945569; PMCID: PMC4144270. [online] Available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22945569/
  2. European Commission. Mercury in food [Online] Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/chemical-safety/contaminants/catalogue/mercury_en
  3. Rehman K, Fatima F, Waheed I, Akash MSH. Prevalence of exposure of heavy metals and their impact on health consequences. J Cell Biochem. 2018 Jan;119(1):157-184. doi: 10.1002/jcb.26234. Epub 2017 Aug 2. PMID: 28643849. [online] Available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28643849/
  4. Campaign For Safe Cosmetics. Lead And Other Heavy metals. [Online] Available at: https://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/chemicals-of-concern/lead-and-other-heavy-metals/
  5. Hideki Fukino, Yukari Takagi, Yasuhiro Yamane. Effect of Spirulina (S. platensis) on the Renal Toxicity Induced by Inorganic Mercury and Cisplatin (Regular Presentations) (Proceedings of the 15 th Symposium on Environmental Pollutants and Toxicology). 1990. [ Online] Available at:
  6. Eldamaty HSE, Elbasiouny H, Elmoslemany AM, Abd El-Maoula LM, El-Desoky OI, Rehan M, Abd El Moneim D, Zedan A. Protective Effect of Wheat and Barley Grass Against the Acute Toxicological Effects of the Concurrent Administration of Excessive Heavy Metals in Drinking Water on the Rats Liver and Brain. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(11):5059. 
  7. Masoumeh Bahrekazemi, Mahboubeh Eslami & Jaber Nikbakhsh (2020) The effect of dietary coriander supplementation on growth performance, biochemical responses, carcass proximate composition, and heavy metal accumulation in beluga, Huso huso, Journal of Applied Aquaculture, DOI: 10.1080/10454438.2020.1782798
  8. Pin Gong, Fu-xin Chen, Lan Wang, Jing Wang, Sai Jin, Yang-min Ma. Protective effects of blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) extract against cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 37, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 1015-1027, ISSN 1382-6689. [Online] Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668914000726
  9. Medical Medium. Heavy Metal Detox Smoothie. [Online] Available at:









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